Prophylaxis (Teeth Cleaning)
A dental prophylaxis is a cleaning procedure performed to thoroughly clean the teeth. Prophylaxis is an important dental treatment for
halting the progression of periodontal disease and gingivitis.
Periodontal disease and gingivitis occur when bacteria from plaque colonize on the gingival (gum) tissue – either above or below the gum line.
These bacteria colonies cause serious inflammation and irritation which in turn produce a chronic inflammatory response in the body. As a
result, the body begins to systematically destroy gum and bone tissue, making the teeth shift, become unstable, or completely fall out. The
pockets between the gums and teeth become deeper and house more bacteria which may travel via the bloodstream and infect other parts of the body.
Reasons for prophylaxis/teeth cleaning
Prophylaxis is an excellent procedure to help keep the oral cavity in good health and also halt the progression of gum disease.
Here are some of the benefits of prophylaxis:
- Tartar removal – Tartar (calculus) and plaque buildup, both above and below the gum line, can cause serious periodontal
problems if left untreated. Even using the best brushing and flossing homecare techniques, it can be impossible to remove debris, bacteria
and deposits from gum pockets. The experienced eye of a dentist using specialized dental equipment is needed in order to spot and treat
problems such as tartar and plaque buildup.
- Aesthetics – It’s hard to feel confident about a smile marred by yellowing, stained teeth. Prophylaxis can rid the
teeth of unsightly stains and return the smile to its former glory.
- Fresher breath – Periodontal disease is often signified by persistent bad breath (halitosis). Bad breath is generally
caused by a combination of rotting food particles below the gum line, possible gangrene stemming from gum infection, and periodontal
problems. The removal of plaque, calculus and bacteria noticeably improves breath and alleviates irritation.
- Identification of health issues – Many health problems first present themselves to the dentist. Since prophylaxis
involves a thorough examination of the entire oral cavity, the dentist is able to screen for oral cancer, evaluate the risk of periodontitis and
often spot signs of medical problems like diabetes and kidney problems. Recommendations can also be provided for altering the home care
What does prophylaxis treatment involve?
Prophylaxis can either be performed in the course of a regular dental visit or, if necessary, under general anesthetic. The latter is
particularly common where severe periodontal disease is suspected or has been diagnosed by the dentist. An endotracheal tube is sometimes
placed in the throat to protect the lungs from harmful bacteria which will be removed from the mouth.
Prophylaxis is generally performed in several stages:
- Supragingival cleaning – The dentist will thoroughly clean the area above the gum line with scaling tools to rid them of
plaque and calculus.
- Subgingival cleaning – This is the most important step for patients with periodontal disease because the dentist is able to
remove calculus from the gum pockets and beneath the gum line.
- Root planing - This is the smoothing of the tooth root by the dentist to eliminate any remaining bacteria. These
bacteria are extremely dangerous to periodontitis sufferers, so eliminating them is one of the top priorities of the dentist.
- Medication - Following scaling and root planing, an antibiotic or antimicrobial cream is often placed in the gum
pockets. These creams promote fast and healthy healing in the pockets and help ease discomfort.
- X-ray and examination – Routine X-rays can be extremely revealing when it comes to periodontal disease. X-rays show
the extent of bone and gum recession, and also aid the dentist in identifying areas which may need future attention.
Prophylaxis is recommended twice annually as a preventative measure, but should be performed every 3-4 months on periodontitis sufferers.
Though gum disease cannot be completely reversed, prophylaxis is one of the tools the dentist can use to effectively halt its destructive progress.
If you have questions or concerns about prophylaxis or periodontal disease, please contact our practice.