Mira Mesa, CA Dentist - Periodontal Disease - Signs & Symptoms of Gum Disease
The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that
support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus
(tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by
red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware
of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.
Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a
link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk
during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic
diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:
Bleeding gums – Gums should never bleed, even
when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
Loose teeth – Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal
fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).
New spacing between teeth – Caused by bone loss.
Persistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the
Pus around the teeth and gums – Sign that there is an infection
Receding gums – Loss of gum around a tooth.
Red and puffy gums – Gums should never be red or
Tenderness or Discomfort – Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate
the gums and teeth.